Meeting the criteria for the presence of a UTI requires that the following features be present:
- Bacteria that grow on a urine culture plate plus,
- symptoms from the patient that are caused by the presence of the bacteria with,
- the confirmation of proper specimen collection technique and,
- the absence of other conditions that can cause the symptoms if proper collection technique cannot be verified.
If I can verify the above 4 items, I can say with little doubt that you have a UTI. Otherwise, I question the diagnosis.
The problem in clinical medicine is that seldom do all four criteria coexist. For this reason, and for other practical reasons, doctors often treat patients empirically--based on a hunch--for UTI's. If the patient gets better immediately, then the doctor was correct and nothing more needs to be done. If the patient does not get better, or if the symptoms keep on coming back, then additional testing is indicated.
And that will be the stuff of futures posts on this topic.